1996-2001 of release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 1.2. Information before driving of the car
+ 1.3. Independent maintenance
+ 1.4. Technical characteristics
- 1.5. Several councils upon purchase of the car
1.5.1. The changed numbers
1.5.2. Purchase of the old car or mysterious set of figures and letters
1.5.3. Durability of the car
1.5.4. About parallelism of bridges of the car and trailer
1.5.5. Preparation of the car for winter
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Running gear
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
In order that the bought car did not become your headache and a razoritelnitsa of the family budget, it is necessary to take her acquisition seriously and responsibility, without having regretted either time, or money.
First of all, understand what you want. If you need comfort, buy the car of a representative class and if you want that the invested money had material expression, buy American "cruiser" especially as its price will not frighten you, and big consumption of fuel will be compensated by low operational costs. If you the fan of distant trips and family rest on a nature bosom, the versatile person – the fact that it is necessary for you and, believe, your choice will not disappoint you. It is convenient, capacious and modern.
It is the best of all to stop the choice by car of middle class with a body like "LX" / "GL", they are well equipped and are in demand, but not be touched and do not spread additional money for the various additional equipment from which only the power steering and the hatch in a roof are really valuable. Automatic transmissions can become the reason of reduction of price at resale, especially at small cars.
So, you decided on model. Now, without hurrying, start survey of the car.
Examine the car at natural lighting, but not in a garage or a motor show, so you will be able to notice many distinctions of color shades.
That looked after car you will be told the liquids and pure engine oil filled on level.
Such insignificant details as worn-out protectors or the bent disks will cost much when replacing enough.
Easily the sunk seats in salon, worn-out rugs and an upholstery, scratches, knock and unclear smells, existence of a rust and dampness in a luggage carrier give themselves. They are signs of long life and to get rid of them quite expensively.
Do not forget to check work of the central blocking, fog lights, electrowindow regulators. Expensive repair of trifles to you to anything.
Having shaken wheels in the vertical plane and having considered the drawing of wear on each tire, you will check wear of a basic part of wheels and learn a lot of things about a condition of a suspension bracket and steering system.
Rock the car from each corner. So you will check serviceability of shock-absorbers and stability of position of the car on all four wheels, especially, if it is the station wagon or the machine equipped with the towing device.
After external survey start check of the main mechanisms.
Change of transfer has to be sure, and operation of the transmission has to be silent.
It is necessary to pass not less than 30 km on different roads to reveal all shortcomings of the car.
Be careful: if the car wags or leaves aside, at best is the wrong disorder convergence, in the worst – details of a suspension bracket or steering are bent.
Checking existence of a side play, shake a wheel in the parties. In the presence of the power steering do not forget to be convinced that it is reliable at different speeds and loadings. By cars with the forward drive turn out a wheel on the maximum corner to check degree of wear of spherical support of equal angular speeds that is determined by the clicking sound.
The roar or swimming indicate wear of shock-absorbers and springs. Check electronic adjustment of shock-absorbers on the different modes.
Attentively check brakes at different efforts. If the car leaves aside, then it can be the sticking support. Wear of disks is indicated by the pedal going pushes. Check also anti-blocking system of brakes (at the movement the alarm bulb should not light up, and at start – on the contrary).
Having checked thus the darling, well think whether there correspond your impressions to the specified run and, having weighed all pros and cons, decide. The qualified conscious choice – a guarantee that the car will become your assistant and the friend.
Some more councils
Once it was specified in all guides to purchase of cars that wear of rubber of a pedal is a good indicator of size of a run. Today this defect is too well-known to trust, it is easy to change rubber of pedals.
The upholstery in modern cars is much more durable, than established ten years ago, but all the same the driver's seat wears out first of all. Examine the outer edge (it rubs when the driver enters and goes out of the car) – the age of the car is determined by it.
Check work and a condition of all lamps and other electric devices. The burst lenses of headlights are especially important – some of them can cost very much.
The condition of a tire is a good indicator of a run – the declared 40 000 km at unpaired tires cause strong suspicion! It is also possible to consider replacement cost, especially in case of low-profile and other special tires.
From a driver's seat check operation of devices and governing bodies – the dangling handles, as well as a smooth surface of a rim of a steering wheel, point to a big run.